Students of the Faculty of Arts
Students of the Faculty of Science
Students of the Faculty of Marine Sciences
Students of the Faculty of Indian Languages
Students of the Faculty of Engineering & Technology
Students of the Faculty of Education 
Students of the Faculty of Fine Arts
Students of the Faculty of Agriculture
Students of the Faculty of Medicine

First Aid and Emergency care- Course- Annamalai University

Value Added Elective Course
VAMD-011- First Aid and Emergency care
Course Description
This course enables students to have a better understanding and develop skill
in giving First Aid treatment in emergencies in either the hospital or the
Course objective
The objective of this course is student will be able to acquire knowledge and
demonstrate skill in providing First Aid treatment in emergencies that may be met
in any settings. The following are the objectives of course
 1. Understand the scope of First Aid and role of First Aid
 2. Comprehend the ways to manage and incident
 3. Demonstrate the techniques of assessing a casualty
 4. Describe the life saving measures for an unconscious casualty
 5. Explain First Aid management for respiratory problems
 6. Describe First Aid measures for wounds and circulation problems
 7. Identify a bone joint and muscle injuries and provide appropriate First Aid
 8. Describe First Aid process for the effects of heat and cold
 9. Provide First Aid measures for foreign objects, poisoning bits and stings
 10. Provide First Aid for emergency conditions
 11. Identify and give First Aid treatment in community emergencies and natural
 12. Describe the techniques and equipments for First Aid
Course outline
Unit -1- Becoming a First Aider,
What is a first aider?, How to prepare yourself, Protection from infection,
Dealing with a casualty, Requesting help, The use of medication, Remember your
own needs
Unit – II- Managing an incident
Action at an emergency, Traffic accidents, Fires, Electrical incidents, Water
incidents, Major incident/Mass casualties
Unit - III - Assessing a Casualty
Assessing the sick or injured, Mechanisms of injury, Primary survey,
Secondary survey, Head-to-toe examination, Monitoring vital signs
Unit - IV - The Unconscious Casualty
Breathing and circulation, Life-saving priorities, Unconscious adult,
Unconscious child, Unconscious infant, How to use an AED
Unit- V- Respiratory problems
The respiratory system, Hypoxia, Airway obstruction, Choking adult,
Choking infant, Choking child, Hanging and strangulation, Inhalation of fumes,
Drowning, Hyperventilation, Asthma, Croup, Penetrating chest wound
Unit - VI- Wounds and circulation
The heart and blood vessels, Bleeding and types of wound, Shock, Severe
external bleeding, Impalement, Amputation, Crush injury, Cuts and scrapes,
Bruising, Blisters, Infected wound, Foreign object in a wound, Scalp and head
wounds, Eye wound, Bleeding from the ear, Nosebleed, Knocked-out adult tooth,
Bleeding from the mouth, Finger wound, Wound to the palm, Wound at a joint
crease, Abdominal wound, Vaginal bleeding, Bleeding varicose vein
Unit - VII - Bone, Joint and muscle injuries
The skeleton, Bones, muscles and joints, Fractures, Dislocated joint, Strains
and Sprains, The nervous system, Head injury, Facial injury, Lower jaw injury,
Cheekbone and nose injury, Collarbone injury, Shoulder injury, Upper arm injury,
Elbow injury, Forearm and wrist injuries, Hand and finger injuries, Rib injury,
Fractured pelvis, Back pain, Spain injury, Hip and thigh injuries, Lower leg
injuries, Knee injury, Ankle injury, Foot and toe injuries, Cramps
Unit- VIII - Effects of heat and cold

The skin, Assessing a burn, Severe bums and scalds, Minor bums and
scalds, Bums to the airway, Electrical burn, Chemical burn, Chemical bum to the
eye, Flash bum to the eye, Incapacitant spray exposure, Dehydration, Sunburn,
Heat exhaustion, Heatstroke, Hypothermia, Frostbite
Unit - IX - Foreign objects, poisoning, bites & stings
The sensory organs, Splinter, Embedded fishhook, Swallowed foreign
object, Foreign object in the eye, Foreign object in the ear, Foreign object in the
nose, How poisons affect the body, Types of poisons, Swallowed poisons, Drug
poisoning, Alcohol poisoning, Animal and human bites, Insect sting, Tick bite Other
bites and stings, Snake bite, Stings from sea creatures, Marine puncture wound.
Unit - X - Medical conditions
Angina, Heart attack, Stroke, Diabetes mellitus, Hyperglycemia,
Hypoglycemia, Seizures in adults, Seizures in children, Fever meningitis, Fainting,
Allergy, Anaphylactic shock, Headache, Migraine, Sore throat, Earache and
toothache, Abdominal pain, Vomiting and diarrhea, Childbirth, Emergency
Unit- XI - Techniques and Equipment
Removing clothing, Removing headgear, Casualty handling, First aid
materials, Dressings, Cold compresses, Principles of bandaging, Roller bandages,
Tubular gauze bandages, square knots, hand and foot cover, Arm sling, Elevation
sling, improvised slings.
Unit - XII - Emergency First Aid
Action in an emergency, CPR for an adult, chest compression only CPR, CPR for an
infant, child, Community emergencies such as fire explosions, earth quakes, flood
and famine
Unit tests, term examinations and assignments
1. Test papers

2. Final practical + oral test
1. The authorized manual of St. John Ambulance, St. Andrew's Ambulance
association and the British red cross society, First Aid manual, 9th edition, Dorling
Kindersley, London
2. American college of emergency physicians, First Aid manual, 5th edition, Dorling
Kindersley, London
3.Clement Text book on First Aid & Emergency Nursing, First edition, JP brothers,
4. Philip Jevon, Emergency care and First Aid for Nurses, A practical guide,
Churchill Living Stone, 2007

Microbial Inoculant Production Technology

VAAG-011: Microbial Inoculant Production Technology (3+0)
To study the basic principles and application methodologies of different
microbial inoculants in order to improve the soil fertility and productivity.
Unit – I: Concepts of microbial inoculants
Biofertilizers – Definition - types, importance of biofertilizers in agriculture –
Rhizobium - characters and classification – Rhizobium - legume symbiosis -
nodule formation - Factors affecting nodulation and nitrogen fixation.
Unit-II: Nitrogen fixing biofertilizer
Characteristics and classification of Azospirillum, Azotobacter,
Gluconacetobacter.- Actinorhizal plants (Frankia) and Algal biofertilizers -
Blue green algae – Azolla.
Unit –III: Phosphate solubilizing/mobilizing biofertilizer
Problems of phosphorus uptake - fixation of phosphorus - microbial
transformation of phosphorus- Phosphate solubilizing microorganisms, K,
Zn and silicate solubilizing microorganisms – factors affecting phosphate
solublization– AM fungi – characteristics and types of mycorrhizae - Plant
Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) – Pesudomonas.
Unit –IV: Formulations of biofertilizer
Different formulations of biofertilizers – Types and characters - carrier –
beads – pellets and liquid formulation – preservatives and additives-shelf life
of different formulations- quality control of different formulations - BIS.
Unit-V: Production technology
Mass Production technology of bacterial biofertilizers, Azolla , Algal
biofertilizers and AM fungi – problem and constrains in production- method
of application – Marketing and monitoring field performance-Economics of
microbial inoculants.
Theory Schedule
1. Microbial inoculants in Agriculture.
2. Biofertilizers-definition-Development of the concept3.
Contribution and importance of microorganisms to soil fertility.
4. Different groups of biofertilizers-bacterial,
5. Different groups of algal
6. Different groups of fungal biofertilizers etc.
7. Nitrogen fixing microorganisms-Phosphate solubilising microorganisms
8. Symbiotic nitrogen fixing bacteria-Rhizobium classification-Cross
inoculation groups- characteristics.

9. Infection-root nodule formation-leghaemoglobin-nitrogen fixation.
10. Assay of nitrogen fixation-Nitrogen assimilation.
11. Transfer of fixed nitrogen in symbiotic systems.
12. Associative symbiosis-Azospirillum-species distributionCharacterization.
13. Importance of Glucoacetobacter and its distribution.
14. Non-symbiotic nitrogen fixation-Azotobacter- Characterization.
15. Actinorhizal association-Frankia-Importance-location, biochemistry and
physiology of actinorhizal nodules.
16. Phosphate solublization by microorganisms-bacteria and fungi involved
general characters and importance.
17. Algal biofertilizers - Blue green algae-distribution-occurrence.
18. Morphological variation-Characteristics.
19. Azolla-Anabaena symbiosis-Importance- Azolla growth behaviormultiplication-
sporulation etc.
20. Mid Semester Examination
21. Mycorhhiza- types -Ectomycorrhiza –
22. Mycorhhiza- types -Endomycorrhiza.
23. Role of mycorrhiza in crop production.
24. Microbial inoculants for solublization of potassium sulphur and trace
25. Carrier materials-Types and quality characteristics of an ideal carrier,
preparation of inoculant packets.
26. Different formulations of inoculants- carrier, gel, liquid formulations etc.
27. Principles of mass production-Large scale production of bacterial
biofertilizers-growth characteristics.
28. Fermentation-Principles and techniques-inoculum preparation.
29. Shelf life-quality control of biofertilizers-BIS specifications.
30. Field performance of biofertilizers.
31. Method of application –Economics.
32. Algal multiplication-large scale production-application methods
33. Azolla-Mass multiplication and method of application etc.
34. Mycorrhizae-VAM-Mass scale production-field performance-problems
and prospects of biofertilizers.
References Books
1. S. Gianinazzi, Hannes Schüepp, J.M. Barea, K. Haselwandter.2012.
Mycorrhizal Technology in Agriculture: From Genes to Bioproducts.
Birkhäuser publisher

2. Umesh Chandra Mishra.2015. Facts for Liquid Biofertiliser. Partridge
Publishing, Singapore. S.G.Borkar.2015. Microbes as Bio-
fertilizers and their Production Technology .Wood head publisher. New
3. P.Hyma. 2017. Biofertilizers: Commercial production Technology and
quality control. Random publishers. New Delhi.
4. Bhattacharyya..,P and Tandon HLS.2002.Dictionary of Biofertilizers and
Organic Fertilizers. Fertilizer Development and Consultation
Organization, New Delhi. 1 – 165.
5. Motsore, M. R., P. Bhattacharayya and Beena Srivastava, 2001.
Biofertilizer Technology,Marketing and usage – A source Book – cum –
glossary – FDCO, New Delhi, P. 584.
E reference

Introduction to South Indian Music

VAFA-011 - Introduction to South Indian Music : Vocal
To understand the basic lessons and instruments of south
Indian Music and to enable the student to sing or play the
exercises and compositions
Unit I
Details of the following: Nadham, Sruti, Swarasthanas,
Sthayi, Arohanam and Avarohanam
Unit II
Exercises: Swaravali, Janta, Thatu and Tharasthayi
Unit III

Talas – Angas – Varieties of tala – sapta tala alankaras
Unit IV
Musical forms: Giham Swarajathi and jathiswaram –
Unit V
Merits of Music – Details of Musical instruments: Tambura,
Veenai, Violin and Mridangam.
Reference Books
 1. Splendour of South Indian Music - P.T. Chelladurai
 2. South Indian Music (Volume – III & IV)- Prof
 3. Dictionary of South Indian Music - Prof Sambamoorthy

Modern Pedagogical Techniques

Value Added Elective Course
VAED - 011 - Modern Pedagogical Techniques
Objectives: The student
 acquires the knowledge of the concept of Teaching, characteristics of Teaching and
Variables in Teaching.
 understands the Need and Importance of Programmed Learning, Computer Assisted
Learning and Internet and its applications.
 understands the Blended Learning and Resources for Blended Learning.
 understands the Various Methods of Teaching.
 applies the knowledge of E-Learning in classroom situations.
 develops interest in knowing the Application of Android App in Education.
Unit - 1

Concept of Teaching
Meaning and definition of Teaching - Nature and characteristics of Teaching - Variables in
Teaching - Relationship between Teaching and Learning.
Unit - 2
Individualized Instruction
Need and Importance - Characteristics - Principles - Programmed Learning - Computer
Assisted Learning (CAL) - advantages and disadvantages. Internet and its applications - Meaning
- Working of internet - Teleconferencing - Satellite - EDUSAT. Blended Learning - Tools and
Resources for Blended Learning - Blended Learning Implementation.
Unit - 3
Group Instruction
Dynamic method - Group discussion, Tutorial, Seminar, Symposium and Brain -
Storming - Problem Solving - Project method - Laboratory - Supervised study - Source method -
Dalton Plan - Panel discussion - Workshop - Team Teaching.
Unit - 4
Electronic Learning - Meaning - Nature - Features of E-Learning - Application of EContent
Package In Education - Advantages of E-Content - Designing and Development of Econtent
- Standards of E-content - Re-usability of E-content - E-content Tools - Graphics, Audio
and Video-Creating and Editing - Visual Understanding Environment (VUE).
Unit - 5
Android Application
Meaning - Nature - Features of Android App - Application of Android App in Education -
Advantages of Android App - Designing and Development of Android App - Standards of Android
App - Android App Tools for Teaching - Android App in Evaluation.
1. Ian Reece and Stephen Walker, Teaching, Training and Learning - Business Education
Publishers, 1997.

2. Dave R.H., Developing and Writing Behavioral Objectives - Educational Innovators Press,
3. Brown, A.H., & Green T.D., (2015). The essentials of instructional design: Connecting
fundamental principles with process and practice. Routledge.
4. Armstrong, Jenny R. (1973). A sourcebook for the evaluation of instructional materials and
media. Special Education Instructional Materials Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison,
WI. ED 107 050.
5. Buchholz Andrea & Zerfass Ansgar. 2005. E-Content in Europe: Dimensions of an Emerging
Field. MFG Baden-Wiirttemberg, Germany.

Introduction to Data Science- Value Added Course

VAET-011 - Introduction to Data Science
hardware: input devices, output devices – Software : system software - application Software -
utility Software - Virus: types of virus – virus preventive and corrective measures - operating
system: Building blocks of a generic operating system – Types of operating system – Functions
of operating systems.
INTERNET AND WEB UTILITIES: Internet Vs Intranet – Browser – Universal Resource
Locator (URL) - World Wide Web (WWW) – Search Engine - e-Mail Servers – e-Mail services:
Create, Forward, Reply, Attachment, Carbon Copy (CC), Blind Carbon Copy (BCC).
WLAN - Basic networking devices: Repeater, Hub, Switch, Bridge, Router, Gateway - Wi-Fi
Hotspot - IP Address: Class A, B, C and D – Protocols: TCP/IP, HTTP, FTP – Network Models.
Review of Reference Models: OSI, TCP/IP and their comparison.

FUNDAMENTALS OF NETWORK SECURITY: Attacks – Services – Mechanisms –
Conventional Encryption – Classical and Modern Techniques – Digital Signatures –
Authentication Protocols. Authentication– Applications – Electronic Mail Security – IP Security
– Web Security- Intruders – Viruses – Worms – Firewalls -Design Principles.
INTRODUCTION TO DATA SCIENCE: Statistical Inference - Exploratory Data Analysis
and the Data Science Process - Basic Machine Learning Algorithms - Feature Generation and
Feature Selection - Data Visualization.
1. Sanjay Saxena, “A First Course in Computers”, Vikas Publishing house, 2001.
2. Comer, “ Computer Networks and Internet with Internet Applications”, PHI, Fourth
Edition, 2006.
3. Stallings William, Data and Computer Communication, Pearson, tenth edition ,2014.
4. Stallings William, “Cryptography and Network Security” PHI, Sixth Ediiton, 2014.
5. Cathy O’Neil and Rachel Schutt. “Doing Data Science, Straight Talk from the Frontline”,
O’Reilly. 2014.


This course introduces you to the fundamental principles and issues of intercultural
communication from an interdisciplinary perspective. It proposes to develop a perception
of and appreciation for different cultural perspectives and values.
Language and Culture - studying culture and communication - Various Definitions of
Culture - basic approaches to the concept of culture - Communication and Culture -
Intercultural communication: Interaction in a Diverse World - historic overview of the
field - the academic field of intercultural communication – “Culture” in the Field of
Intercultural Communication - Three Principles of Interculturalism- DMIS: Denial –
Defense – Minimization.

Identity- Racial identity - Ethnic identity - Cultural identity; Plurality of Identity;
Properties of Cultural Identity- Individual- relational and communal identity; Social and
Cultural Identities- Gender identities- Age identities- Spiritual identity- Class identityNational
identity- Regional identity- Personal identity; Stereotypes - Cultural Diversity in
Perception: Alternative Views of Reality.
Verbal and nonverbal communication (including conversation styles, politeness, and
expectations related to time and space) - low and high context communication
processing - communication styles - cultural speaking rules Politeness - perception,
interpretation and evaluation; nonverbal Communication; Proxemics - Contact/low
contact - Kinesics- Gestures, facial expressions, body language, eye contact; artifactsClothing,
artifacts, living environments.
Cultural values and communication- Cross-cultural Studies - Individualism and
collectivism- Hierarchy and power distance; Intercultural Studies – Intercultural
encounters and adaptation- Encounters and emotions -Culture Shock -Intercultural
adaptation - U-curve model- honeymoon period- crisis period - adjustment period -
biculturalism period- W-curve model - Stress-Adaptation-Growth- emigrant assignment
Intercultural competence - Intercultural Competent Person- intercultural sensitivityMilton
Bennett’s developmental model of intercultural sensitivity - Acceptance,
Adaptation and Integration Measurement of Intercultural Sensitivity; Theory to practice -
Cultural influences on context – the business setting, the educational setting and the
health care setting.

Bennett, M.J. 1986. A developmental approach to training for intercultural sensitivity.
International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 10 (2), 179-196.
Bennett, M.J. 1993. Towards ethno relativism: A developmental model of intercultural
sensitivity. In R.M. Paige (ed.), Education for the intercultural
experience. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press. 21-71.
Bennett, M. J. (ed.). 1998. Basic Concepts of Intercultural Communication, selected readings.
Yarmouth, Maine: Intercultural Press, Inc.
Bennett, M.J. 1998. Intercultural Development Inventory Manual. Portland: The
Intercultural Communication Institute.
Bhawuk, D. P. S. &
H.C. Triandis. 1996. The role of culture theory in the study of culture and intercultural
training. In D. Landis & R.S. Bhagat (eds.). Handbook of
Intercultural Training. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 17-
Brown, P., &
S.C. Levinson. 1978. Politeness: Some Universals in Language Usage. Cambridge:
University Press.
Carbaugh, D. 1996. Situating selves: The communication of social identities in
American scenes. Albany, NY: State University of New York
Chen, G. &
W. Starosta 1998. Foundations of intercultural communication. Boston, MA: Allyn
and Bacon.
Chomsky, N. 1964. Current issues in linguistic theory. The Hague: Mouton.
Chomsky, N. 1965. Aspects of the theory of Syntax. Cambridge: The MIT Press
Chomsky, N. 1968. Language and mind. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World.
Chomsky, N. 1975. Reflections on language. New York : Pantheon Books.
Fong, M. &
R. Chuang (eds). 2004. Communicating Ethnic & Cultural Identity. USA: Rowman &
Littlefield, Inc.
Hall, E.T. 1989. Beyond culture. New York: Anchor Books.Hammer.
Hymes, D. 1964. Language in culture and society. New York: Harper and Row.
Hymes, D. 1972. Language in society. Cambridge University Press.
Hymes, D. 1974. Foundations in sociolinguistics: An ethnographic approach.
Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Hymes, D. &
J. Gumperz, (eds.) 1964. The ethnography of communication. American Anthropologist
66:6, Part 2.
Kim, Y. Y., 2001. Becoming Intercultural. An Intergrative Theory of Communication
and Cross-Cultural Adaptation. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage
Publications, Inc.
Landis, D. Bennett, J.M.
& Bennett, M.J. (eds.) 2004. Handbook of Intercultural Training 3rd edition. Thousand Oaks:
Larry A. Samovar &
Richard E. Porter 2003 Intercultural Communication – A Reader. 10th Edition, Thomson /
Wadsworth, Australia.
Schwartz, S.H. 1994. Beyond Individualism-Collectivism: New cultural dimensions of
values. In K. Uichol, C. Kagitcibasi, H.C. Triandis & G. Yoon
(eds.). Individualism and Collectivism. Newbury Park: Sage. 85-
Schwartz, S.H. 2003. Values and behavior: Strength and structure of relations.
Personality and social psychology bulletin. Thousand Oaks, CA:
Sage Publ. Bd. 29, 10. 1207-1220.
Tracy Novinger 2001 Intercultural Communication – A Practical Guide. University of
Texas press, Austin.